What is eczema?
Eczema, also known as atopic dermatitis, is a common skin condition that affects many people, including both adults and children. Unfortunately, doctors don’t currently know the exact cause of eczema. What doctors do understand is that eczema is not contagious and may be caused by genetics.
Causes of Eczema
Some of the possible causes of eczema and/or risk factors may include:
- Immune system abnormalities
- Certain activities causing sensitive skin
- Skin barrier defects
- Environmental factors
Symptoms of Eczema
Visit Dr. Michael C. Margulies at his Miami, Florida dermatology office if you experience any of the following eczema symptoms, often occurring on the knees, elbows, hands, face, neck, and legs:
- Chronic patches of itchy skin
- Dry skin
- Thickened skin
- Inflamed skin that doesn’t respond to over-the-counter medications (e.g., hydrocortisone creams)
Can you develop eczema later in life?
Adult-onset atopic dermatitis refers to eczema that onsets later in life (after age 18). This can happen to anyone, whether you experienced eczema as a child or you have never experienced an eczema outbreak before.
Adult Eczema vs. Child Eczema
There are some small differences between adult and child eczema, including the following:
- Skin tends to be extremely dry
- Skin is very scaly
- Patches of skin may be leathery, think, and dark
- Skin may be itchy all the time
- Tends to appear around the eyes, on the face, in knee creases, in elbow creases, and on the back of your neck
What causes eczema to flare up?
There are numerous things in your home or daily routine that could be causing your eczema to flare up. Here are some of the things you should be aware of and attempt to avoid when possible if you suffer from eczema flare ups:
- Certain Conditions
- Certain conditions could cause an eczema flare up to occur. You may notice that your eczema is triggered or more noticeable than usual if you are currently suffering from one of the following:
- Bacterial infection
- Common cold
- Allergic reaction (e.g., mold allergic reaction, pet dander reaction, etc.)
- Environmental factors
Depending on your daily activities, hobbies, habits, and where you live, your environment could also contribute to your eczema. The following activities or environmental factors could cause your eczema to trigger:
- Baths/Showers that are too long or too hot in temperature
- Low humidity (especially in the winter months)
- Prolonged swimming or water exposure
- Failing to moisturize following a bath or shower
- Sudden changes in temperature (e.g., going for a long run/sweating and then entering an air conditioned room)
- Living in a year-round dry climate
- Being too cold or too hot
- Skin Irritants
In addition, some of the following skin irritants could trigger your eczema to flare up or irritate your skin:
- Certain soaps
- Cigarette smoke
- Chlorinated pools
- Certain makeups
- Household cleaners
- Environmental irritants
What triggers eczema?
Speak with a knowledgeable member of our dermatology team at our Miami, Florida office location to learn more about which triggers could be causing your eczema. Because everyone’s skin is unique, what bothers one person may or may not affect you. Work with your dermatologist to determine the best eczema treatment for you, and which environmental/dietary triggers you should avoid.
What foods can cause eczema to flare up?
The most common eczema-triggering foods include the below:
- Certain types of nuts
- Citrus fruit
- Soy products
- Some spices
Eczema Treatment Options
If you’re like many of our eczema patients, you may be wondering what helps reduce your eczema flare ups. Kendall Dermatology in Miami, FL offers numerous advanced eczema treatment options that use the latest technologies. Depending on your needs, one of the following treatments for eczema may be right for you:
- Over-the-counter medications
- Hydrocortisone steroids
- Corticosteroid creams
- Barrier repair moisturizers
- Prescription medications
- Corticosteroid eczema shots
- NSAID ointments
- Dupilumad injections
- Crisaborole ointments
- Non-irritating soaps/cleansers/laundry detergents
- Laser eczema therapy
- UV light therapy
SEE WHAT OUR PATIENTS ARE SAYING…
Schedule a Consultation
If you are experiencing symptoms of eczema, visit Kendall Dermatology at our Kendall, Florida dermatology office. We offer a comprehensive range of skincare treatments, including the latest clinical and cosmetic dermatology procedures. Our office is home to skilled dermatologists and licensed estheticians. Contact our office by calling 305.595.0393 or fill out the form on this page to schedule an appointment anytime.